Knowledge and Attitude Towards HPV Infection, its Sequelae and Vaccination Program among Malaysians
Bindal U1*, Farzana Rizwan1, Peng Evon1, Bindal P2, Aminath Nashau Naseem1
1School of Medicine, Taylor’s University, Lakeside Campus, Subang Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia.
2School of Dentistry, MAHSA University, Saujanaputra, Selangor, Malaysia.
Basic knowledge about the agent of Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, its mode of transmission and prevention including vaccination is important to reduce the burden of HPV infection and its sequelae nationwide. This study was designed to assess the knowledge and attitude towards HPV infection, its sequelae and vaccination program among Malaysian aged 18 to 29 years old. A cross sectional study was conducted among 115 Malaysian aged between 18 to 29 years old. The findings show there is a positive correlation between gender and awareness on the existence of HPV with the p-value of 0.003. P-value for age group and knowledge on HPV being a factor of cervical cancer is 0.023; hence there is a positive correlation too. Pearson correlation between age group and education level with awareness of HPV vaccination program in Malaysia show positive correlation with the p-value of 0.012 and 0.036 respectively. There is a positive correlation between gender and willingness to be vaccinated against HPV as the p-value obtained is 0.030. T-test shows significant difference between gender and the mean score on HPV vaccination (0.008).It is clear to see that there is a highly positive correlation between gender and awareness on the existence of HPV as the p-value is the smallest out of all. It also seems that female have significantly higher mean score comparing to male on the topic of HPV vaccination, with the mean score of 4.61 comparing to 2.90.
Key words: Autoinoculation, Papovaviridae, Colposcopes, Malignancy, Introitus.